Record it!

Use this table to record your research as you go! Research Record

Useful Sources

The Media Show (Radio 4)

This has lots of podcasts and shows discussing up to date issues and it is updated every Wednesday – search the episodes and clips sections.

Google Scholar

More and more academic books are being digitally uploaded to this facility – well worth a look.

An online store of university research papers from UK universities.

An online store of university research papers from US universities.

Guardian Media News

This has different sections for each of the different media areas if you scroll down to the bottom – it does have a search function as well.

Ted Talks

If you follow this link, you will see I have searched for ‘media’, but you can obviously change the search term since their are HUNDREDS of videos by experts from all over the world. There may even be talks by some of the theorists or experts that you have researched.

Recording Details for the Bibliography – the HARVARD referencing system is the one we are using

Book references

The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above.

Knapper, C.K. and Cropley, A. 1991: Lifelong Learning and Higher Education. London: Croom Helm.

The reference above includes:

  • the surnames and forenames or initials of both the authors;
  • the date of publication;
  • the book title;
  • the place of publication;
  • the name of the publisher.

The title of the book should be formatted to distinguish it from the other details; in the example above it is italicised, but it could be in bold, underlined or in inverted commas. When multi-authored works have been quoted, it is important to include the names of all the authors, even when the text reference used was et al.

Papers or articles within an edited book

A reference to a paper or article within an edited book should in addition include:

  • the editor and the title of the book;
  • the first and last page numbers of the article or paper.

Lyon, E.S. 1992: Humanities graduates in the labour market. In H. Eggins (ed.), Arts Graduates, their Skills and their Employment. London: The Falmer Press, pp. 123-143.

Journal articles

Journal articles must also include:

  • the name and volume number of the journal;
  • the first and last page numbers of the article.

The publisher and place of publication are not normally required for journals.

Pask, G. 1979: Styles and strategies of learning. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 46, pp. 128-148.

Note that in the last two references above, it is the book title and the journal name that are italicised, not the title of the paper or article.

Referencing web pages

A suggested format is to include the author of the information (this may be an individual, group or organisation), the date the page was put on the internet (most web pages have a date at the bottom of the page), the title, the http:// address, and the date you accessed the web page (in case the information has been subsequently modified).  A format for referencing web pages is given below.

University of Leicester Standing Committee of Deans (6/8/2002) Internet code of practice and guide to legislation. Accessed 8/8/02

Films and other primary texts

You will need to include the title of the text, the year of cinema release/date it was published, the director’s name (with Dir before it), then [Film] so they know what text it is, then (for films) the country of distribution and the distribution company.


The Ghost in the Shell (2017) Dir.Sanders, R. [Film] USA: Paramount Pictures

Television advert

British Telecom. (2012, November 19). Office relocation gremlins [advertisement on ITV3 Television]

YouTube video

BONZKultur (2011) Street Dance in Paris. Available at: (Accessed: 18 July 2013)